Conditions We Treat

The pediatric urology specialists at Texas Children's Hospital can diagnose and treat a wide variety of urological conditions in children: 

Kidney Problems

  • Hydronephrosis
  • Prenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney cancer
  • Abnormal kidney anatomy
  • Duplicated kidneys (2 ureters on one side)
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)

Urinary Tract Obstructions


Bladder Problems

  • Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) (backwards flow of urine), which can be treated by:
    • Deflux injections
    • Open surgery
    • Minimally invasive robotic surgery
    • Medical management of reflux
  • Bladder diverticulum
  • Bladder stones
  • Ureteroceles

Genital Abnormalities

  • Hypospadias (abnormal position of the urethral opening)
  • Chordee (bending of penis)
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia surgery
  • Disorder of sexual development (intersex)
  • Circumcision problems

Scrotal Abnormalities


Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)


Voiding dysfunction

These conditions are treated at the Voiding Improvement Program.


Complex Urological Problems

  • Bladder exstrophy (bladder outside of body)
  • Epispadias
  • Cloacal exstrophy
  • Prune belly syndrome
  • Persistent cloaca
  • Persistent urogenital sinus
    • Neurogenic Bladder
      • Caused by:
      • Spina Bifida
      • Spinal cord injury
      • Caudal regression
      • Transverse myelitis

Additional Conditions