Hymenal polyps are soft, stalk-like growths on the hymen, the thin membrane that surrounds the opening of a girl’s vagina.
Hymenal tags are sometimes confused for polyps. Hymenal tags are offshoots of extra hymen tissue that typically project off the edge of the hymen.
Hymenal polyps and hymenal tags are almost always benign (not cancerous).
Patients can be seen by Texas Children's experts in Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology.
Causes & Risk Factors
Hymenal polyps occur when a group of cells form an abnormal growth. It is a congenital disorder, meaning it is present at birth. The exact cause of these growths is not yet known.
Symptoms & Types
Symptoms may include:
- A stalk-like growth on the hymen
- Spotting or vaginal bleeding if the polyp gets torn
Diagnosis & Tests
Hymenal polyps are typically discovered during a physical exam of the genital area.
Additional testing may include:
- Pelvic exam
- Pap smear
Treatment & Care
Hymenal polyps in newborns typically shrivel up and disappear on their own.
Unless the polyp continues growing or causes any difficulties, there is no need for removal.
If the polyp originated above the hymen in the vagina, the entire polyp should be removed and sent to pathology for evaluation.