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Mixed Vascular Malformations
Vascular anomalies are benign lesions of the blood vessels. Most fall into the following categories:
- Venous malformations
- Lymphatic malformation
- Arteriovenous malformations
- Capillary malformations (port wine stains)
Mixed vascular malformations (MVMs) most often result from venous and lymphatic components, arising together in a single, complex disorder. Each is unique. Each should be checked by a doctor who specializes in treating blood vessel disorders.
Causes and Risk Factors
Causes may include:
- Genetic mutations (changes) during the embryonic stage of life
Symptoms and Types
The symptoms differ according to the type of malformation. The lesions may range from being colored red, purple or blue and appear on different areas of the body. The may range in size from small to large.
Diagnosis and Tests
Diagnosis and tests may include:
Treatment and Care
Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists with your doctor. These specialists may include:
- Plastic Surgeons
- Pediatric surgeons
- Ear-nose-throat specialists (otolaryngologists)
- Speech pathologists
- Eye specialists (ophthalmologists)
Living and Managing
It is important to consider having your child treated by a doctor who specializes in blood vessel disorders. The doctor will put together a treatment plan.
In children whose lesions are highly visible, treatment with a mental health counselor may be recommended to deal with emotional issues.