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Exercise and Adolescents
Exercise is an important part of keeping adolescents healthy. Encouraging healthy lifestyles in children and adolescents is important for when they grow older. Lifestyles that are learned in childhood are more likely to stay with the child into adulthood. Some changes in lifestyle can be harder to make the older the person becomes. The best way to promote healthy lifestyles is for the whole family to become involved.
Patients can be seen by Texas Children's experts in Adolescent Medicine.
Establishing an exercise plan
A daily exercise program can be a fun way to share physical activity with family and friends while helping establish good heart-healthy habits. The following exercise guidelines for adolescents can help you and your adolescent plan activities:
- Adolescents need at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity on most days for maintenance of good health and fitness and for healthy weight during growth.
- Parents are encouraged to limit children's screen time (TV, video, and computers) to less than two hours daily and replace these sedentary activities with activities that require more movement.
Even low-to-moderate intensity activities for as little as 30 minutes a day can be beneficial. These activities may include the following:
- Pleasure walking
- Climbing stairs
- Home exercise
Regular aerobic physical activity increases a child's capacity for exercise and plays a role in prevention of heart diseases and type 2 diabetes. Aerobic activities are continuous activities that cause the heart rate and breathing rate to increase. Aerobic exercise can also help to lower blood pressure. To prevent dehydration, encourage children to drink fluid regularly during physical activity and drink several glasses of water or other fluid with no added sugar after the physical activity is completed. Examples of vigorous activities may include the following:
- Brisk walking
- Roller skating
- Jumping rope
- Playing on the playground
- Tag games
For adolescents, daily exercise may help prevent conditions such as obesity, high blood pressure, and abnormal cholesterol levels, as well as poor lifestyle habits that lead to heart attack and stroke later in life.
Exercise on a regular basis is part of a healthy lifestyle; however, some adolescents can exercise too much. If your adolescent begins losing weight and falls below expected growth patterns, or if exercise interferes with other normal activities including school, you should talk with your adolescent's health care provider.
Benefits from regular exercise or physical activity
According to the American Heart Association and the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition, the following are key benefits of physical activity:
- Improves blood circulation throughout the body
- Keeps weight under control
- Improves blood cholesterol levels
- Prevents and manages high blood pressure
- Prevents bone loss
- Boosts energy level
- Releases tension
- Improves the ability to fall asleep quickly and sleep well
- Improves self-image
- Helps manage stress
- Counters anxiety and depression
- Increases enthusiasm and optimism
- Increases muscle strength