Conditions We Treat
This type of scoliosis is present at birth and usually worsens as children grow. Surgery may be recommended to prevent the curve from getting bigger and from causing other health problems.
Doctors do not know what causes idiopathic scoliosis. It is not present at birth, but it tends to run in families. Idiopathic scoliosis occurs more in girls than in boys and usually gets worse during the growing years of ages 11 to 15. It cannot be prevented, but the curve can be controlled with bracing and/or surgery.
Kyphotic Deformities and Conditions
Patients with parts of the spine that curve too much may have a kyphotic deformity. In some patients, the kyphosis in increased and can lead to a rounding of the back and cause symptoms. This is seen in about 1 in 1,000 people and can develop at any age.
Lordodic Deformities and Conditions
A normal spine has what is called a lordosis in the lower back. Lordosis in the lower part of the spine is normal, and it rarely results in symptoms, even if the child has a swayback appearance. There are, however, some conditions where the lordosis is increased because of an underlying condition.
Scoliosis can develop in children or young adults with other diagnoses such as cerebral palsy, spina bifida and other conditions involving the nerves and muscles. Some of these diseases weaken the muscles around the spine and can affect the spinal cord, causing the spine to curve. Surgery is usually the best treatment but can depends on multiple factors.
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
Spondylolysis (spine stress fractures) and spondylolisthesis (slipped vertebrae) are the most common causes of low back pain in adolescent athletes due to overuse or injury.