Neurophysiology diagnoses and treats neurological and sleep disorders. Neurophysiology includes 5 specialized areas of testing and treatment:
EEG Lab (electroencephalography)
Technologists perform electroencephalograph, intraoperative evoked potential monitoring and long-term video EEG monitoring during the day. Diagnostic procedures include routine and complex EEG, ambulatory EEG, EP (evoked potential), intraoperative monitoring, polysomnography, multiple sleep latency testing, long-term video EEG monitoring, WADA (intracarotid amobarbital injection) testing and brain mapping.
Intraoperative monitoring is the continuous monitoring of the nervous system during surgery. Using intraoperative monitoring, the neurophysiologist will constantly provide the feedback to the surgeon about integrity of the neurological structures throughout the surgery. If there is any change in baseline parameters during monitoring, the surgeon will be alerted to avoid or reduce potentially irreversible complications, such as paralysis, hearing loss, or stroke (depending on the type of surgery). Intraoperative monitoring also has been an effective tool in localizing anatomical structures, including peripheral nerves, spinal cord and sensorimotor cortex, which further guides the surgeon during an operation.
Sleep Center (sleep analysis & clinical sleep health education)
Texas Children’s Sleep Center is one of the few accredited centers in the country specializing in children's sleep disorders. Our center provides diagnostic evaluation, treatment and education for children with all types of sleep disorders and is accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
Comprehensive Epilepsy Center
The Comprehensive Epilepsy Center provides diagnostic evaluation to support the care of children with epilepsy. The team includes professionals from several departments, including neurophysiology, neurology, neurosurgery, nursing, child life, physical medicine, neuroradiology, nuclear medicine, nutrition and social work. The Center is an NAEC (National Association of Epilepsy Centers) level 4 accredited program. We have state of the art equipment with wireless technology, 24 hour technologists, and a playroom/clubhouse (patients are able to leave their rooms and go to playroom).
Magnetoencephalography (MEG), is a “non- invasive” imaging technique that identifies brain activity and measures small magnetic fields produced in the brain. The scan is used to produce a magnetic source image (MSI) to pinpoint the source of seizures.