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Reasons for Kidney Transplant
The most common reasons for kidney transplantation in children are:
- Urological disorders (PUV, Obstructive uropathy, VUR, Prune belly)
- Congenital/Hereditary renal anomalies, (polycystic kidney disease, Alports, congentital nephritic syndrome, cystinosis, oxaluria)
- Glomerulnephritis (post infectious GN, HUS, HSP, Nephropathy)
- Other autoimmune diseases and tumors
Most kidney diseases can be managed but when a child’s kidney no longer functions, transplantation is the best option. Children are often started on dialysis (Hemodialysis or Peritoneal dialysis while waiting for a kidney transplant.
The goal of a kidney transplant is to maximize survival and improve quality of life.
Lifespan of a new kidney
The life expectancy of each transplanted kidney varies, but it is likely that most children will require a second transplant at some point in their adult lives.